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Some types of medications are as follows:

  • Antibiotics - to fight infection
  • Analgesics - to control pain
  • Antihistamines - to help with allergies 
  • Antacids - to help with indigestion
  • Anticoagulants - to prevent blood clots
  • Psychotropic Medications - interact with the nervous system to fight depression
  • Diuretics - to get rid of excess fluids
  • Laxatives - to alleviate constipation
  • Hormones - like steroids, HRT, the Pill and Insulin
  • Cytotoxic meds - Used to treat some forms of cancer.

There are a variety of different routes of medications, and here are a few examples:

Inhalers help support individuals with Asthma, they come in various colours and are prescribed by the GP. The cartridge is inserted into the top; individuals then put the opening into their mouth and push down. If there is any difficulty, a spacer can help with the administration. The inhaler gets inserted into the end of the spacer, the other end is then put into the mouth, and the medication is dispensed inside the spacer for ease of inhalation.

Nasal sprays are another method and can be purchased over the counter, but generally will be prescribed by the GP. Inserted into the nasal passage, by pushing down on the top the medication is dispensed.

Eye drops are also prescribed by the GP, along with the number of required drops per eye. Ointments are administered in a slightly different way. With the eye drops, they are usually inserted into the bottom lid one drop at a time. With the ointment, it's put from the inside of the eye to the outside on the bottom of the lid. The client will then close their eyes, open, and blink a few times and that would disperse the medication around the surface area.

Oral tablets come in various shapes and sizes and are one of the most common ways to administer medication. Oral medication can come in blister packs, but they can also come in bottles. When administering medications, always follow the instructions as stated on the front of the packet and always maintain the client's dignity.

Some types of medication can be injected, either pierced through the skin into a vein, a muscle or infused, which means via a drip. Individuals may also use topical treatments, which are lotions, creams and ointments. Medication can also come as suppositories, which are inserted into the rectum and pessaries, which are inserted into the vagina.